In Canada, access to health care is regarded as a basic human right. All citizens, permanent residents, and temporary residents are entitled to see a family doctor or specialist, undergo screening procedures such as X-rays and blood tests, and receive emergency medical care without any out-of-pocket expense.
Health care services are administered by the appropriate ministries and departments in each province and territory. The health care system is easy to use: patients simply present a health card issued by their province or territory, and the health care provider takes care of all of the administration related to billing and provincial insurance.
Most of the provincial and territorial health care systems cover a wide variety of medical costs, including the following:
Services that are not covered include the following:
Canadian health ministries are strong proponents of preventative care. For this reason, the provincial and territorial health care systems fund regular mammograms, colonoscopies, pap smears and other tests. The frequency of screening depends on the condition being tested for as well as the age and biological sex of the patient.
Most Canadians are strongly in favour of the Canadian health care system due to the administrative ease and the quality of care.