Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) places family class immigration applications at the top of the priority list. Canada places high value on families, and aims to keep them together, or to bring them together as quickly as possible if some family members are outside of Canada.
There are several programs under the Family Class of immigration that allow citizens and permanent residents of Canada to sponsor close family members, such as parents, grandparents and children. The Spousal & Common-law Partner Sponsorship is a program under the Family Class, whereby a Canadian citizen or permanent resident can sponsor his or her spouse or common-law/conjugal partner for permanent residence.
Spousal & Common-law Partner Sponsorship is divided into two categories:
In order to be a sponsor, the Canadian citizen or permanent resident must be 18 years of age or older, and they must submit an application to IRCC. They may be asked to submit proof of the relationship, such as a marriage certificate or family photos. Once the permanent resident application has been approved, the sponsor is financially responsible for the sponsored person for a period of three years, and the sponsored person cannot be a sponsor for a spouse themselves for five years.