Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) provides two means whereby Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their parents and grandparents who wish to settle in Canada. These programs are the Parent & Grandparent Program and the Super Visa Program.
IRCC allows a certain number of Parent & Grandparent Program (PGP) applications per year. In 2018, the initial quota of 10,000 was increased to 17,000. For 2019, the quota has been set at 20,000. In addition, the randomized selection process used in 2018 has been scrapped in favour of a first-come-first-served system.
If you are interested in sponsoring your parents or grandparents who want to move to Canada, you need to wait until IRCC has opened their invitation round for the current year. At that point, you will be able to complete an online form called an Interest to Sponsor. If selected, your parents or grandparents will be invited to submit an application for permanent residence. This must be done within 90 days of the invitation to apply being issued, and it includes the submission of supporting documents and payment of the relevant fees.
The Parent & Grandparent Program is subject to the following eligibility criteria:
Parents and grandparents who hold Super Visas are not in Canada as permanent residents, but as long-term visitors. Under this program, the child or grandchild of the applicant does not have to complete a formal application to be a sponsor, but he or she will need to provide a written commitment of financial support.
The Super Visa is essentially a multiple-entry visa that is good for up to ten years. It can be used for two years before needing renewal, unlike the standard visitor’s visa, which is only valid for six months.
Some applicants may need a temporary resident visa in addition to the Super Visa. This will depend on which country they are coming from.