An electronic travel authorization, or eTA is a document that is designed to simplify the process of entering Canada by air. When presented to an immigration official at a port of entry, it allows travellers to enter Canada an unlimited number of times for up to six months per visit. Your eTA is electronically linked to your passport, which means it can only be used with the same passport that is listed on your eTA confirmation.
Immigration, Refugees & Citizenship Canada (IRCC) deems certain persons inadmissible to Canada on the grounds of criminality or health, or if they are deemed a threat to Canadian security. Inadmissible individuals will, in most cases, not be issued with a TRV and they will be denied entry to Canada.
From time to time, however, an immigration officer may find that the individual has a compelling reason to be in Canada, and a temporary resident permit will be issued in spite of the inadmissibility. Examples of circumstances in which a temporary resident permit might be issued include serious illness or death of a close family member, or pressing business matters that require the presence of the individual.
Temporary resident permits may be issued to individuals who are under a removal order. This can happen when it is not possible immediately enforce the removal order, or if the applicant can show a need to remain in Canada. In these circumstances, the temporary resident permit does not negate the removal order, nor does it allow for a restoration of status.
A temporary resident permit may be issued to an applicant who meets all of the following criteria:
If you hold a temporary resident permit, you must abide by the following conditions:
In general, the temporary resident permit is valid for a limited time that depends on the circumstances. Once you have left Canada, you cannot use your temporary resident permit to re-enter unless otherwise stated. In some cases, you may be able to apply for an extension as long as you do so at least thirty days prior to the expiry date on your permit.
If you are a protected temporary resident – a status generally granted to refugees – you can become a permanent resident of Canada at no cost when your application has been processed, as long as you are deemed to be admissible, and if you meet the requirements for continuous residence. Note that if you leave and re-enter Canada while you hold a temporary resident permit, this continuity is broken and you may be deemed ineligible for permanent residence.